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The IMAT Turkey Module Handbook is available here.

As an outlook of our new IMAT Turkey Curriculum you will find a list of the new modules (each with a short description of the contents) below. The new curriculum will be effective starting from the FS 2014/ 2015 intake.


Module 1: Ecosystem Management

Within this module the students learn the systemic interaction of ecosystems in order to envisage that man-made issues such as inefficiencies and waste problems are not foreseen in functioning ecosystems. In contradiction, the current man-made environmental challenges based on our current modes of economies as well as infrastructures in (energy and material) supply and (waste water and waste) sanitation systems are analysed in order to sensibilize the students for the new technology concepts taught in Modules 5 to 8. New management concepts, bio-mimicry strategies and industrial ecology attempts as new holistic supply and demand side management of regional and companies are taught in Module 2 to 4.

Module 2: Regional Material Flow Management

Module 2 Regional Material Flow Management is (together with Module 3: Industrial Material Flow Management) the central element of the study program interconnecting the various Modules with details in energy, water, waste and resource management.

The students learn to analyse regional systems and develop new, innovative energy and material supply and (waste and water) sanitations concepts combining economic promotion with climate protection. Based on the methodological tool kit of material flow management developed in the last ten years of extensive research by IfaS the students learn the procedural knowhow.

Using real-life case studies (next-practice examples) of IfaS the students gain practical insights in conduction and managing regional change processes and implementation of technology induced optimization strategies.

This Module is the starting point (right after Module 1: Ecosystem Management) of the study course and provides at the very beginning already an overview on the structure and detail elements of the entire study course. The combination of theoretical and methodological as well as practical experiences shall enable the students to develop and proceed with own MFM based research ideas and developed regional MFM or Zero Emission approaches for their native home countries/regions.

While the technical details are explained in the Modules 5 to 8, the political strategies such as 3R society attempts (in Japan) or Industrial Ecology or Circular Economy (in China) are in detail explained in Module 4. Furthermore, the students learn to calculate the GHG abatement potentials and the economic value of “de-carbonisation” in Module 10: Technical Aspects of De-Carbonising Strategies.

Module 3: Industrial Material Flow Management

Despite regions (with private and public consumption levels) a second important material and energy consumer is the industry. Within this module the students learn how to develop strategies leading to a reduction of material and energy demand in industry (material and energy efficiency) as well as to increase the economic competitiveness.

Within the sub course “3.1 Principles of Industrial Material Flow Management” students get a basic understanding on how to analyse industrial/company alongside their (horizontal and vertical) value-chains and get an appropriate toolkit to measure and monitor the results based on LCA or ISO norms. In sub course 3.2 the emphasis is placed on the “green transformation and reporting” process of companies focussing on new sustainability management and reporting processes. Finally, in sub course “3.3 Industrial Aspects of Factor 10 (Cleaner Production)” the German company management philosophy of Cleaner Production (Product Integrated Environmental Protection) is introduced and in case studies various areas for optimisation explained. While the entire module is strongly interlinked with sub course “4.1 Industrial Ecology” and the method of establishing an industrial ecology area, the sub course 3.3 is strongly linked to Module 5: SUSTAINABLE WATER  MANAGEMENT, Module 7: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency and 8: Sustainable Waste and Resource Management.

Module 4: Industrial Ecology & Zero-Emission Strategies

The Module 4: Industrial Ecology & Zero-Emission Strategies aims to provide a theoretical basis and practical introduction to the interdisciplinary research field Industrial Ecology (Management) and its roots in Ecological Economics, Systems Theory, Natural Science and Ecological Engineering. Industrial Ecology offers a basic understanding of sustainability principles from nature and their adaption to techno-sphere and therefore is strongly linked to Module 1. Students reflect on the application of material and energy flow analysis tools like MFA, SFA and LCA, Carbon Footprint as basic tools for the assessment of products and processes sustainability with linkage to Module 3: INDUSTRIAL MATERIAL FLOW MANAGEMENT and sub course “10.3: Modeling Carbon Footprints”. 

Industrial Ecology Management has a focus on Eco-Industrial Symbiosis, linking enterprises and organizations to connect their resources and waste flows in inter-firm and neighbour networks to exchange resources and information.

While the first part is focusing on industry/company networks, the second part focuses on entire regions and nations and the implementation of sustainability strategies and policies such as Circular Economy (China), 3R society (Japan) and sustainably societies in Europe.

Module 5: Sustainable Water Management

Within the Module 5: Sustainable Water Management the students learn the basic engineering principles of integrated water resource management (IWRM) and the combination or cross-cutting impacts on energy and water management. While the engineering foundations are laid in the first sub course 5.1, the second course explores the future global challenges of IWRM with focus on sanitation and sustainable water re-use and nutrient recovery strategies.

The course is strongly linked to Module 2: Regional Meterial Flow Management, Module 3: Industrial Material Flow Management and Module 4: Industrial Ecology & Zero-Emission Strategies providing an engineering understanding on water related issues.

Module 6: Energy System Management

Sustainable energy (demand and supply) management is one of the backbones of the IMAT study course. While sub course “6.1 Basic Principles of Energy Systems” is providing the energy engineering essentials and basics, the course “6.2 Energy System Design: Future Challenges and Strategies” is focussing on the future requirements and challenges to establish 100% renewable energy supply systems as envisaged for Germany until 2050. Topics such as energy efficiency, energy grid architecture and the design of energy grids in the future (so called smart grids) will be discussed. Current existing technologies and management strategies are investigated and future innovations will be defined. A particular emphasis will be placed on the options for energy storage and different endues-energy forms such as heating, cooling, etc. as substantial elements in new and intelligent energy supply structures of the future.

Module 7: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Based on the previous module the students get a detailed insight in renewable energies and energy efficiency strategies, two pre-requisites to develop 100% renewable and sustainable energy supply systems supporting a rational use of energy.

The implementation of Zero-Emission strategies and Circular Economy visions outlined and assessed in Module 2: Regional Material Flow Management and Module 4: Industrial Ecology & Zero-Emission Strategies depends on our availability to define and maximize the renewable energy potentials in regions and geographic districts. Therefore, the course deals in one part with the technical aspects and status quo of various renewable energy sources and provides all necessary planning tools and knowledge to design RE parks and integrating them in existing energy distribution and transmission grids.

Despite the societies ability (and based on the indigenous RE resources) the sustainability potentials strongly depend on a rational energy usage. Therefore the second part of the module provides insights in latest energy efficiency technologies and strategies for various forms of end energy use (in close cooperation with sub course “3.3 Industrial Aspects of Factor 10 (Cleaner Production)”). The GHG abatement effects of 100% energy strategies and energy efficiency projects as outlined in this module are taught in “sub course 10.2 Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategies and Carbon Trading”, where this module is an essential backbone.

Module 8: Sustainable Waste and Resource Management

While Module 2: Regional Material Flow Management, Module 3: Industrial Material Flow Management and Module 4: Industrial Ecology & Zero-Emission Strategies deal with material and energy efficiency strategies at the point of resource extraction and utilisation, the Module 8: Sustainable Waste and Resource Management focuses on the recovery and re-use of materials (and energy) at the end of the product life times. In accordance with the European waste hierarchy different material recovery and re-use technologies and management strategies are assessed. Students learn to consider that the term waste refers to the wrong material flow at the wrong time at the wrong place. By optimising the management concept and using appropriate technologies, various “waste flows” can be turned again into valuable resources minimizing the resource extraction and second pollutions.

Hence, technologies, management, and financing tools for turning waste into resources and added value are explained within the module in order to enable students to change the existing waste management system into a resource providing system. In close cooperation with Module 4: Industrial Ecology & Zero-Emission Strategies different recycling networks, in particular for rare earth metals, are evaluated. In close cooperation with Module 7: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency the waste-to-energy section for bio waste is explaining in detail.

The module is involving several practitioners explaining the innovative aspects of waste and resource management strategies in Germany, one of the leading countries in the world in this regards. Furthermore, different excursions to innovative technology sites are sharpening the practical relevance of the module.

Module 9: Business Planning for Engineers

The module has a twofold approach. Firstly, the sub course „Business Planning for Engineers“ will enable the students to calculate and monetary assess the technological change processes as studied in Module 2: Regional Material Flow Management, Module 3: Industrial Material Flow Management and Module 4: Industrial Ecology & Zero-Emission Strategies and prepare business plans for detailed technology projects such as renewable energy or energy efficiency projects.

Secondly, the sub course “Project Planning and Project Management” will enable the students to plan and execute their own research projects (e.g. Master Thesis). The students are encouraged already prior to the start of the study course to think about a potential research project as a two-page essay on this is already part of the application process. This sub course shall help the students to break their visions down in small and manageable, communicable parts and plan the next steps ahead. The methodological skills and tools provided enable the students to structure regional change processes as studied in Module 2: Regional Material Flow Management.

Module 10: Technical Aspects of De-Carbonizing Strategies

This module aims to provide a sound understanding on the current global climate change discussion. Students get abreast about the complex feedback system of various anthropogenic and natural interventions into the atmosphere and the imbedded responsible greenhouse substances and further anthropogenic pollutants.

The sub course “10.1 Chemistry of Global Climate Change: Important GHG Cycles” provides the necessary chemistry background to understand the fluxes and impacts as well as interconnections and radiative forcing of important GHG´s and ozone depleting substances and deepen the knowledge gained in Module 1: ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT and Module 12: Physics and Chemistry for the Environment.

The sub course “10.2 Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategies and Carbon Trading” deals with the quantification of GHG abatement potentials of selected technical solutions for Zero-Emission strategies. These GHG potentials are transferred into monetary assets by using international carbon trading schemes. Students are getting knowledge on the mode of operation of international carbon trading schemes, e.g. the European Union Emission Trading scheme and Clean Development Mechanism. Hence, the students learn to use of carbon trading options to co-finance Zero-Emission strategies outlined in Module 2: Regional Material Flow Management and Module 3: Industrial Material Flow Management. These Zero-Emission strategies involve the systemic optimisation of existing energy, water, and waste management systems, which will be technically explained in detail in Module 5: Sustainable Water Management, Module 6: Energy System Management, Module 7: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency and Module 8: Sustainable Waste and Resource Management.

Within sub course “10.3 Modelling Carbon Footprints” students deepen their methodological understanding in modelling CO2e cycles during all stages of production processes and develop optimisation/abatement strategies based on their theoretical knowledge gained during sub course “3.3 Industrial Aspects of Factor 10 (Cleaner Production)”.

Module 11: System Change Management

The Module 11: System Change Management aims to train the soft skills of the students needed for the initiation of change processes. The IMAT study course intends to educate “Change Managers” that are able to implement efficiency strategies based on Material Flow Management Concepts and technologies. Hence, the students are in need of cultural sensibility as well as communication and presentation skills to complete the knowledge gained in the fields of economics and engineering. In Sub course “11.1 Cultural Aspects of System Change” the students will get a deeper insight in the “Business-Etiquette” of the particular countries through learning about their religion, culture and social structure as well as a “cross-cultural empathy”. In addition the partner universities agreed to offer introductory courses in the respective national languages without ECTS grading. At the Environmental Campus Birkenfeld students are enabled to attend introductory German language lessons. In sub course “11.2 Stakeholder Management” students learn how to approach decision makers with change processes and how to assist and guide the related actors during this change process with the purpose of implementing visionary projects.

Module 12: Physics and Chemistry for the Environment

The Module 12: Physics and Chemistry for the Environment is seen as a refreshment and enhancement of basic physics and chemistry knowledge (provided in the last high school years) as well as for providing the students with first laboratory experiences. This module is essential to harmonise the previous knowledge of the students, in particular for those students not having a BA in engineering or natural science areas, in order to create a joint starting point for further natural science and physics foundations, e.g. in sub course “5.1 Basic Engineering Aspects of Sustainable Water Management” or “6.1 Basic Principles of Energy System Management”.

Module 13: Selectives - Seminars in Applied Material Flow Management

The sub courses (in particular 13.1 to 13.3) within the Module 13: Selectives - Seminars in Applied Material Flow Management are designed to feature the special strength and areas of research of the partner universities abroad or deepen specific topics based on the current status of research and/or market demand. The topics could be:

1)       E-Mobility and Sustainable Energy Politics

2)       Fuel Cell Technology

3)       Business Game: Development of Renewable Energy Projects                      including Technical Dimensioning and Business Plan Design

4)       Zero Emission based Energy and Water Supply Systems for Islands

5)       Solar Architecture and Solar Energy in Buildings

6)       Solar Cooling: Technology, Economy and Design Aspects

7)       Practical Experience in Ecological Wastewater Engineering: Case                 Studies from Natural Waste Water Treatment Options

8)       Biofuels: Technology, Markets and Trends

9)       Energy and Material efficiency in SME

10)   Sustainable Land Use Management and organic Agriculture

11)   Climate Change, Land-Use and Soil Management

12)   Efficient Water and Soil Usage in Agriculture

13)   Renewable Energy-based Water Desalination


Specific topics of the partner universities could be:


14)   Japans new Energy Policy

15)   Energy Efficiency Strategies in Japan

16)   Japans 3R Society Strategy

17)   Geothermal Potentials and Technologies in Japan

18)   “Green Development Perspectives” for the Asia-Pacific Region

19)   KAIZEN and other Forms of Material and Energy Efficiency in Japan



20)   Green Tourism Strategy

21)   Basics of Agricultural Engineering

22)   Efficient Water Management for Arid Areas

23)   Nutrient Recovery in Waste Water

24)   Biomass and Fertilizer: Closing Material Flows in agricultural Residue                Management

25)   Turkeys new Energy and Agriculture Policy

26)   “Green Development Perspectives” for the Middle-East Region


The course (13.1 to 13.2) topics are jointly selected within the annual IMAT conference. The courses 13.1 to 13.3 have a workload of 120h (45h in class and 75h self-study) and will be credited with 4 ECTS.

The selective course 13.4 within the 3rd semester is reserved for student research project development.

Module 14: Internship

Module 14: Internship